Posted by Dr Sam, On 12 Nov, 2021 | Updated On 13 Nov, 2021 No Comments »
There are certain number of facts you must know before you start preparing for and feeding your dog homemade food. The following certain pieces of information are vital:
1. ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS
A good and balanced homemade dog diet should comprise all of the nutrients that a dog needs for sound health and wellness and must contain these elements:
- Proteins — is the building blocks of cells. They help to build muscles and repair the body. Good food sources of proteins are lean meat, eggs, and cheese.
- Vitamins and Minerals — they help to sustain your dog’s body frameworks. Body structure like bones, blood cells and skin are supported by vitamins. Minerals also support body system metabolism, turning food into energy and other products needed to sustain life. There are huge number of food sources for vitamins.
- Fibre — is tiny thread-like materials in food stuff. They help in absorption of nutrients by slowing digestion. It also helps in prevention of constipation. Great food sources of fibre are rice, potatoes and vegetables among others.
- Fats — essential fatty acids like Omega-3 and Omega-6 oils help to maintain cells. They help growth and healing of wounds in your dog. The oils are great sources of vitamins A, D, E, and K. Meat, oily fish, sunflower oil and linseed oil are good sources of fats for your dog.
- Water — is very essential for your dog’s life. No amount of nutrients will be useful to an animal that is deprived of water. Make sure your dog has access to fresh water. Do you know how much water should a dog drink per day?
2. FOOD ALLERGIES
Generally, allergy is hypersensitivity to harmless substances leading to strong reaction from a body. Food allergies in dog are over-reaction of dog’s immune system when a protein is taking from a new food source an animal is not used to. Proteins are present in wide range of foods dogs eat. Meats are not the only sources of proteins, grains and vegetables also contain proteins.
These are the signs you should look for to know if your dog have allergy for certain food:
- Ear infections (Otitis)
- Skin infections (Dermatitis)
- Dry itchy skin (Skin rash)
- High frequency of hot spots
- Excessive scratching of ear or feet licking
- Bald patches
- Soft stools
- Poor appetite
3. DOG FOOD POISONING
There are quite a few homemade food stuffs dogs must NOT eat. These substances are harmful because the dog’s body cannot break them down. Hence, they can lead to slow or acute poisoning.
Food stuffs that lead to food poisoning in dogs are:
- Raisins and Grapes
- Onions and Garlic
- Macadamia Nuts
4. DOG LIFE STAGES
Do you know your dog life stage? Nutrition requirements of dogs vary from one life stage to another. Knowing phase of life your dog falls will guide you to feed her appropriately.
Depending on breed, the following are the life stages of dog:
- Puppyhood end between age 6 and 18 months.
- Adolescence begins between age 6 and 18 months.
- Adulthood starts between age 12 months and 3 years.
- The senior years begin between six and 10 years of age.
5. DOG LIFE STYLE
Is your dog’s life style an active or sedentary one? This has a long way in dictating the daily nutrients requirement of your dog. Note that an active puppy will end up as inactive senior dog. Therefore, a dog’s life style changes as her life stage changes.
6. HEALTH STATUS
Homemade dog food is a great advantage for dog with health issue. With it you feed your dog tailored customized diets as her health status dictates.
Do you know your dog health status? If your pooch has no health problem, homemade food will help you keep her from getting sick and If she has one or more health problems, curative quality of home-prepared dog food will make her recover on time.
Visit your vet doctor today to ascertain your dog health standing.
7. ORGANIZED COOKING and KITCHEN SAFETY
Organized cooking is all about scientific principles to meal preparations with greater accuracy in order to prevent food poisoning and food-borne diseases.
Kitchen safety are procedures put in place to prevent incidents that may lead to damage and injury.
Along with our recipes, we outline standards stated by Conference for Food Protection (CFP) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
This information will be beneficial not only to your dog but to you and your entire household.
8. TRANSITION FROM ONE DIET TO ANOTHER
When making changes to your pet’s diet, you must do so gradually, allowing her digestive system time to adjust. It is ideal that you take about 2 weeks for the process so that your pet is less likely to have stomach upset or diarrhea. Also, allergic reactions will usually be seen within 48 hours of the introduction of a new food/meal and may last for up to 5 days.
Days 1–4: Feed 75% of the old food and 25% of the new food.
Days 5–8: Feed 50% each of old and new food.
Days 9–12: Feed 25% of the old food and 75% of the new food.
Day 13 and on: Feed all new food.
9. IDEAL DOG WEIGHT
Over-weight and obesity are serious threat to dog’s health. To keep your dog weight in check, keep checking her weight regularly and compare it to ideal weight for your kind of dog.
10. FOOD TOLERANCE
Food intolerance is the result of poor digestion, such as lactose intolerance. People and dogs with lactose intolerance are either missing or have low levels of the milk digesting enzyme lactase.
You must properly take these 10 factors into consideration before you start feeding your dog homemade food.
Thank you very much.
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