Posted by Dr Sam, On 22 Nov, 2021 | Updated On 22 Nov, 2021 No Comments »
Dog allergic reaction to food is one of the most common health issues with dog. Generally, allergy is hypersensitivity to harmless substances leading to strong reaction from a body. Food allergies in dog are over-reaction of dog’s immune system when a protein is taking from a new food source the dog is not used to.
Proteins are present in wide range of foods dogs eat. Meats are not the only sources of proteins, grains and vegetables also contain proteins.
Approximately 30% of US dogs suffer from allergies. It is estimated that 5% to 10% of allergic dogs have food allergies.
Facts About Dog Allergic Reaction to Food
- Besides food allergies, there are Inhalant and contact allergies with dogs.
- Some infections symptoms are similar to food allergies symptoms. So your dog needs laboratory examination to be sure which one she is having.
- Overcooking of food causes allergy in dog. Because when food is overcooked, it reduces its digestibility and low digestibility of proteins may favor dietary hypersensitivity in dogs.
- Also low quality food has low digestibility which in turn causes allergic reaction in dog.
- The most common food allergic reactions in dogs manifest as skin problems.
- Some dog breeds are more disposed to food allergens than others.
- All forms of allergies are hereditary.
- No sure lab test to identify allergen-carrier food for dog.
- Food elimination trial is the best mean to identify allergy-causing food.
Signs of Allergic Reaction to Food in Dogs
These are the signs of dog allergic reaction to food. These food allergies in dogs symptoms are the most common.
- Ear infections (Otitis)
- Skin infections (Dermatitis)
- Dry itchy skin (Skin rash)
- High frequency of hot spots
- Excessive scratching of ear or feet licking
- Bald patches
- Soft stools
- Poor appetite
Most-Allergenic Food for Dogs
The following are most-allergenic food for dogs:
- Citrus Fruits
- Dairy Products
- Egg Whites
- Peanut Butter
Hypoallergenic Food for Dogs
The following are hypoallergenic food for dogs:
- Broccoli Brussels sprouts
- Green beans
- Sweet potatoes
- Black beans
- Kidney beans
- Garbanzo beans
- Navy beans
- Lima beans
- Pinto beans
- Green peas
- Bananas (that are not treated with ripening chemicals)
- Figs (cooked)
- Peaches (cooked/canned)
- Tapioca flour
- Chicken (organic)
- Frog legs
- Organic red meat
- Maple syrup
- Brown rice syrup
Note that no matter how allergenic a food is, there still some dogs that do not react to them. So also, there are dogs that react to hypoallergenic food.
Dog Breeds Most Prone to Allergens
Some Dog Breeds are More Disposed to Food Allergies than Others. The following are dog breeds most allergic to food:
- American Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Bull Terrier Jack Russell Terrier
- Cocker Spaniel
- English Setters
- Fox Terrier
- German Shepherd
- Irish Setters
- Labrador Retriever
- Lhasa Apso
- Miniature Schnauzer
- Shar Pei
- Shi Tzu
- Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
- Springer Spaniel
- West Highland White Terrier
Other Types of Allergies with Dogs
Food Allergies are not the Only Canine Allergies. Apart from food allergies, dogs may also suffer from the following types of allergy:
Inhalant allergies: These are distressed reactions triggered by airborne environmental pollutants like dust and pollen. They occur when dog breathes in vapor, gas or suspended particles that are foreign to her body system.
Contact allergies: They occur when a dog is in external or internal contact with an allergen. This includes:
- Insect Bite (external contact): It occurs when dog is bitten by insect like flea.
- Helminths Feeding (internal contact): Helminth is another name for parasitic worms like nematodes, flukes and tapeworms.
- Medication (internal contact): Like human, dog reacts adversely to some medication.
Conclusion – Dog Allergic Reaction to Food
Allergens are foods dogs react to. The allergenic foods are mostly protein-source. Besides meats and fish, grains that are rich in protein can also cause dog food allergic reactions.
No matter how hyper allergenic a food is, there are dogs that do not react to it. Also, there are dogs that react to hypoallergenic food.
There is no lab test to detect foods your dog reacts to. Food elimination trial test is the best mean to discover allergenic food and it is a do-it-yourself procedure.
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